Compaction in Solid Waste Management

Blog Posted by Kristy Sumich on 21/11/2022
compaction in solid waste management

Solid waste management is the process of handling and disposing of solid waste. It is a key element of public health and environmental protection. Solid waste can include both biodegradable and non-biodegradable materials. 

Biodegradable solid waste, such as food waste and paper, can be broken down by microorganisms. Non-biodegradable solid waste, such as plastic and glass, cannot be broken down by microorganisms. Both types of solid waste need to be managed in a way that minimises their impact on the environment.

One important aspect of solid waste management is compaction.

What Is Compaction?

Compaction is the process of reducing the volume of solid waste by compressing it. This can be done using mechanical or manual means. Compaction has many benefits, including reducing the space needed to store solid waste and making it easier to transport.

However, compaction also has some drawbacks. For example, compaction can increase the density of solid waste, making it more difficult to break down biologically. In addition, compaction can make it more challenging to recycle certain materials.

Overall, compaction is an important tool in solid waste management, but it should be used carefully to avoid negative impacts on the environment.

How Does Compaction of Solid Waste Help?

Compaction of solid waste is crucial to reduce the overall volume of trash. By compacting the garbage, we can save space, which is a valuable resource. In addition, compaction also helps to reduce leachate production because there is less water in the waste. 

Compaction also minimises the odour from solid waste, as well as vectors such as rats and other animals that may be attracted to the waste. Finally, compacting the waste helps to increase its stability, making it less likely to collapse or erode. All of these factors make the compaction of solid waste an essential part of managing this type of refuse.

What is the Ideal Compaction Ratio of Solid Waste Formula

The compaction ratio is the ratio of solid waste in its compacted state to its original state. The ideal compaction ratio is 2:1, meaning that the solid waste is reduced to half of its original volume. This can be achieved through various methods, such as landfill mining or mechanical compression. 

The benefits of reducing the volume of solid waste include decreased transportation costs, improved storage capacity, and reduced environmental impact. In addition, compacted waste is less likely to leach harmful chemicals into the soil or water supply. As a result, compacting solid waste is an important step in ensuring a sustainable future for our planet.

Types of Solid Waste Compaction Equipment

The three most common types of solid waste compaction equipment are balers, compactors, and shredders. Balers are used to compress recyclable materials such as paper and cardboard into bales that are easy to store and transport. Compactors are similar to balers, but they are designed to compress non-recyclable materials such as food waste and construction debris. 

Shredders are used to reduce the size of solid waste so that it can be more easily transported and processed. Solid waste compaction equipment is an important part of any waste management system because it helps to reduce the volume of waste and make it easier to dispose of in a safe and environmentally responsible manner.

It is also important to note that humans should practise reducing our waste to contribute to a more sustainable environment. If you’re looking for recycling bins, visit our Perth Recycling Services to find the best prices and services. If you have any further questions, please call us at 9437 1970 or contact us.